This design of the SO2R is an improvement to KF5EYY SO2R
(See below). The audio switching part now includes 1:1
transformers mounted on the PCB. Two new PCBs were added
to control a 6x2 Antenna Switching system via OTRSP (Wintest,
DXLog or any logging software that supports this
PCBs 3D design on
The PCBs are designed to be stacked on an Arduino Mega
A 6x2 LCD is
used to show the band of each transceiver and the status
of the headset (Left and Right ears).
PCBs mounted on the Arduino Board
The design is based on Relays control. The schematics
here. Please note that only relays for the control
of Radio 1 Antennas are shown. Similar relays set up
should be considered for Radio 2. Different relays
(G5V-2 and G5Q-1A) were used in
PCBs 1 and 2 due to unavailability of components in
local market. Simple contact relays (G5Q-1A) can be used
OTRSP is used to control audio in the headset and to
'read' each radio band to switch the 6x2 to the
appropriate antenna. OTRSP Properties (in Wintest) have
to be configured for each band (AUX11, AUX12, etc.). It
is recommended to use a port monitoring software (ie.
Device Monitoring Studio) to make sure the device
received the right command from the logging software.
260m Beverage Antenna
CQWW 160 CW 2017 was a good opportunity to set up and
try the beverage antenna for receiving. The only station
which fulfills space criterion is 3V8CB located in Borj
Cedria camping center. The shack is 300m away from the
beach (shouldn't impact beverage performance).
The antenna is 260m long set up at 2.2m high to allow
for cars and people movement underneath it. The
termination resistor is 450 Ohms with a 1m ground rod and 6
radials 5m each.
The transformer is a BN-61-202 with
turns matching a 50 Ohms Coax.
Audio Samples of switching between
the beverage and the Inv-L:
CW Copying Efficiency Calculator
During a CW contest, we are sometimes called by so many
stations at the same time. The number of stations we
copy versus the total number of stations that called us
(and we can hear them), depends on some factors like
operator skills, focus, tiredness, etc.
I have developed an VBA Application that estimates
operator's CW copying performance during any contest
period he selects.
The macro is embedded in an Excel Spreadsheet (link available
below for download). When the file is opened, two
worksheets will be found:
- "Log": user to import his Cabrillo log
into that worksheet through data import from txt file.
Cabrillo log is a delimited text file in which the TAB
character typically separates each field of text. Select
Space for delimitation.
- "Skimmed_Log": user to play the contest
audio recording into CW Skimmer. Since CW Skimmer does
not generate a skimmed stations log, Aggregator 4.0
(used for RBN) should connected to CW
Skimmer. In order for CW to send callsigns of all the
stations calling the user, “Do not send sports without
CQ” in CW Skimmer has to be un-ticked. “Should
Aggregator record Skimmer telnet traffic in
AggregatorLog.txt?" to be selected in Aggregator's
parameters. This file will be found in the same location
of the exe file.
Once user plays the audio recording of the contest
period he wants to examen, Aggregator should have
generated a text file with the log of copied stations,
frequency changes, etc. Simply import that file to the "Skimmed_Log"
worksheet as done for the Cabrillo log.
Once done, user should press Ctrl+SHIFT+G. A window
will appear. User to enter the Start/Stop QSO numbers
that correspond to the contest period he played on CW
Skimmed Callsigns coloring
By pressing "Calculate", the macro will start by
cleaning up the Aggregator log (keeping copied station
lines only). After performing cross-check operations on
the Contest Log and the Skimmed Log, the macro will
display the following information:
- QSO distribution: by band
- Station in Skimmed: Number of skimmed stations
by CW Skimmer. (It's not mandatory that CW Skimmer will
copy all stations logged by the operator)
- Stations in Log: Number of Stations in Carbrillo
- Worked Skimmed Stations: Number of stations that
were copied by both the operator and CW Skimmer.
- Percentage of Skimmed Stations: Percentage of
stations copied by both the operator and CW Skimmer,
versus the number of station copied by CW Skimmer only.
This is an indication of CW copying efficiency during
the selected contest period.
- Returned Stations on the Band: The number of
stations that operator didn't copy during the selected
contest period but came back later and worked him on
that same band. This represents the "recovered loss".
- Focus Period From/To: corresponds to the
Start/End QSOs date and time.
Along with the information displayed in the window, the
macro colors the callsigns in the "Skimmed_Log"
Worksheet as follow:
- Red: The station was copied by CW Skimmer while
the operator failed to copy it (Station heard but not
- Green: The station by copied by both operator
and CW Skimmer
- Yellow: The station wasn't copied by the
operator in the selected period but came back later and
was worked on that same band.
The macro gives the operator an idea on his CW copying
performance and the "loss to be gained" if his
performance is higher.
Sample logs are already in the file. The Skimmed_Log is
for QSOs ranging from 800 to 950.
Phased Verticals for 40m Band
In 3V8SS Station, all antennas have to be squeezed on
the roof area. The station is equipped with a 7 Element
CT-37HF Yagi for high bands installed at 7m high from
the roof. Not far from it (around 8m away) a 5 bands
Spider beam is installed at lower height. For low bands,
the station is equipped with an inverted-V for 80 and a
Ground Plane wire vertical for 40m.
With the sun entering low sunspot cycle, I was thinking
how to improve my QSO count on low bands and more
specifically on 40m. Being close to Europe is a big
Back in 2009, the 3V3S team from Germany have installed
an 18m vertical for 80/160 using Spiderbeam poles. This
fiberglass vertical was broken two times.
Fortunately, a 12m length of it is kept unharmed. I
decided then to use it as a second element to the
original 40m band - 12m length vertical antenna. I
started reading in antenna books and websites about the
best configuration. I then decided to make phased
verticals using Christman method.
I shared the ideas with Ahmed 3V8CB and Ali 3V/F4HJD,
both active members of ARAT. They were more than happy
to come and give it a try.
Our objective was to have some gain towards Europe (at 0
deg Az) and NA/AS (respectively at 350 and 20 deg Az).
Africa is behind us so there was no need to consider a
direction switching relay.
Phased Verticals Schematics
We decided to move a little bit the original vertical
and get some distance from the Yagi tower and Spiderbeam.
Then we started making use of the old 80/160 poles as a
second vertical. Both wire verticals were having two
radials. Once up, we started cutting wire length till an
SWR of 1.5:1 is obtained. Both verticals are
electrically similar. We were a bit concerned about the
electrical impact of the 5m mast holding up the new
I used VA7ST Christman Phasing calculator to calculate
feedline lengths for an operating frequency of 7.050
MHz. A velocity factor of 0.66 was used for RG58 (50
Ohms). Both antennas were fed by 84-degree feedlines
(about 6.5m) with additional 72-degree (about 5.5m) to
the northern vertical (the front element). We didn’t
have an antenna analyser to further adjust lengths, all
had to be fixed by experimentation.
Phased Verticals installed
The triple point (where both feedlines are connected to
the main coax) was mechanically attached. Myself, Ali
and Ahmed made RX and TX experiments by lining up one
element then two elements and check the performance. We
checked as well the F/B Ratio by manually switching the
feedlines between the two verticals.
The SWR of the system was very acceptable (1.5:1 on
almost the entire 40 band). Here below are audio
recordings of how RX and TX were improved by the new
TX Audio recording: my signal as recorded by
ARDAM WebSDR located in Andorra which uses a half wave
dipole for 40m: 2016-05-08 10:14Z 7030.0kHz
The first 55 seconds is using the phased vertical. At
2:40, I used a single vertical (old configuration). The
difference is clear!
RX Audio Recording: IK5OJB on 40m:
0 to 34s: use of phased verticals beaming EU
35s to 58s: use of single vertical
59s to end: use if phased vertical beaming south
KF5EYY SO2R Controller
unavailability of ham radio equipment in Tunisia, I have decided to build my own
SO2R Controller that should help me in the upcoming 2016 contest season.
I made a deep
search on the net and found several designs; some are transistor based with
front panel control switches and some are micro-controller based.
Arduino Uno mounted on KF5EYY SO2R board
I was very
interested in K1XM Arduino
based design. I bought an Arduino Uno device and started familiarizing with it.
I was impressed with the ideas we can realize with it.
K1XM design (and
code) appeared complex to me and uses features that I don't need, I inspired
from it to make my own design and programming of the micro-controller ship. I
have used "Serial Port Monitor" software to better understand how Wintest uses
Two Radio Switching Protocol) to communicate with the device and update the
KF5EYY SO2R Controller
Few testing of
Relays command on a breadboard were conclusive, so I purchased components and
built the design on a perforated board.
The device is USB
powered and enables
audio control in the headphones (Radio 1 only, Radio 2 only, Radio 1 Left/Radio
2 Right, Radio 1 + Radio 2 on both ears with possibility to adjust audio level
of Radio 2 for band opening monitoring).
The device enables
also switching TX between the two radios. Dual CQ and other customized operating
scenarios are possible through Wintest.
Relays and Status LEDs
Video of device
testing in 3V8SS club station can be seen
I have then decided to replace the LEDs by an LCD and get the components
implemented on a Printed Circuit Board.
I started testing the LCD on a breadboard. Be careful to the contrast adjust
(pin 3) which should have a resistor connected to the ground. Direct connection
is the silly mistake I made costing me 4 hours of investigating why the LCD does
not show any message!
Further improvements have been brought to the schematics (thanks I4UFH). These
include adding optocouplers to the CW connections to the radios. I also added
capacitors for RF grounding on the audio outlet.
I made the PCB design using Proteus ARES 8. A lot of manual work was done to put
the LCD on one side and the connection wires on the other side.
At first glance it is clear that 3V8BB QTH is excellent and these mountains only
affect SA path. However, I wanted to do the exercise, come up with charts that
support this, and why not, look for improvements.
Thanks to N6BV and VA7ST for their support during the elaboration of this work
and to S56A, W1UE and K6TU for their comments and ideas